Define, document, approve, and enforce physical and logical access restrictions associated with changes to the system.
Changes to the hardware, software, or firmware components of systems or the operational procedures related to the system can potentially have significant effects on the security of the systems or individuals' privacy. Therefore, organizations permit only qualified and authorized individuals to access systems for purposes of initiating changes. Access restrictions include physical and logical access controls (see AC-3 and PE-3), software libraries, workflow automation, media libraries, abstract layers (i.e., changes implemented into external interfaces rather than directly into systems), and change windows (i.e., changes occur only during specified times).
Enforce access restrictions using [Assignment: organization-defined automated mechanisms]; and Automatically generate audit records of the enforcement actions.
Enforce dual authorization for implementing changes to [Assignment: organization-defined system components and system-level information].
Limit privileges to change system components and system-related information within a production or operational environment; and Review and reevaluate privileges [Assignment: organization-defined frequency].
Limit privileges to change software resident within software libraries.