DE.AE-2: Detected events are analyzed to understand attack targets and methods
[csf.tools Note: Subcategories do not have detailed descriptions.]
NIST Special Publication 800-53 Revision 5
AU-6: Audit Record Review, Analysis, and Reporting
Review and analyze system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity] and the potential impact of the inappropriate or unusual activity; Report findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]; and Adjust the level of audit record review, analysis, and reporting within the system when there is a change…
CA-7: Continuous Monitoring
Develop a system-level continuous monitoring strategy and implement continuous monitoring in accordance with the organization-level continuous monitoring strategy that includes: Establishing the following system-level metrics to be monitored: [Assignment: organization-defined system-level metrics]; Establishing [Assignment: organization-defined frequencies] for monitoring and [Assignment: organization-defined frequencies] for assessment of control effectiveness; Ongoing control assessments in accordance with the continuous…
IR-4: Incident Handling
Implement an incident handling capability for incidents that is consistent with the incident response plan and includes preparation, detection and analysis, containment, eradication, and recovery; Coordinate incident handling activities with contingency planning activities; Incorporate lessons learned from ongoing incident handling activities into incident response procedures, training, and testing, and implement the resulting changes accordingly; and…
RA-5: Vulnerability Monitoring and Scanning
Monitor and scan for vulnerabilities in the system and hosted applications [Assignment: organization-defined frequency and/or randomly in accordance with organization-defined process] and when new vulnerabilities potentially affecting the system are identified and reported; Employ vulnerability monitoring tools and techniques that facilitate interoperability among tools and automate parts of the vulnerability management process by using standards…
SI-4: System Monitoring
1. Strategically within the system to collect organization-determined essential information; and 1. At ad hoc locations within the system to track specific types of transactions of interest to the organization; Monitor the system to detect: Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with the following monitoring objectives: [Assignment: organization-defined monitoring objectives]; and Unauthorized local,…
NIST Special Publication 800-171 Revision 2
3.3.1: Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity
An event is any observable occurrence in a system, which includes unlawful or unauthorized system activity. Organizations identify event types for which a logging functionality is needed as those events which are significant and relevant to the security of systems and the environments in which those systems operate to meet specific and ongoing auditing needs.…
3.3.2: Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users, so they can be held accountable for their actions
This requirement ensures that the contents of the audit record include the information needed to link the audit event to the actions of an individual to the extent feasible. Organizations consider logging for traceability including results from monitoring of account usage, remote access, wireless connectivity, mobile device connection, communications at system boundaries, configuration settings, physical…
3.3.5: Correlate audit record review, analysis, and reporting processes for investigation and response to indications of unlawful, unauthorized, suspicious, or unusual activity
Correlating audit record review, analysis, and reporting processes helps to ensure that they do not operate independently, but rather collectively. Regarding the assessment of a given organizational system, the requirement is agnostic as to whether this correlation is applied at the system level or at the organization level across all systems.
3.6.1: Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities
Organizations recognize that incident handling capability is dependent on the capabilities of organizational systems and the mission/business processes being supported by those systems. Organizations consider incident handling as part of the definition, design, and development of mission/business processes and systems. Incident-related information can be obtained from a variety of sources including audit monitoring, network monitoring,…
3.14.6: Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks
System monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. External monitoring includes the observation of events occurring at the system boundary (i.e., part of perimeter defense and boundary protection). Internal monitoring includes the observation of events occurring within the system. Organizations can monitor systems, for example, by observing audit record activities in real time or by observing…
3.14.7: Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems
System monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. System monitoring can detect unauthorized use of organizational systems. System monitoring is an integral part of continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Monitoring is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring…
Cloud Controls Matrix v3.0.1
IVS-01: Audit Logging / Intrusion Detection
Higher levels of assurance are required for protection, retention, and lifecycle management of audit logs, adhering to applicable legal, statutory or regulatory compliance obligations and providing unique user access accountability to detect potentially suspicious network behaviors and/or file integrity anomalies, and to support forensic investigative capabilities in the event of a security breach.
SEF-02: Incident Management
Policies and procedures shall be established, and supporting business processes and technical measures implemented, to triage security-related events and ensure timely and thorough incident management, as per established IT service management policies and procedures.
SEF-05: Incident Response Metrics
Mechanisms shall be put in place to monitor and quantify the types, volumes, and costs of information security incidents.
Critical Security Controls Version 8
8: Audit Log Management
Collect, alert, review, and retain audit logs of events that could help detect, understand, or recover from an attack.
NIST Special Publication 800-53 Revision 4
AU-6: Audit Review, Analysis, And Reporting
The organization: Reviews and analyzes information system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity]; and Reports findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles].
CA-7: Continuous Monitoring
The organization develops a continuous monitoring strategy and implements a continuous monitoring program that includes: Establishment of [Assignment: organization-defined metrics] to be monitored; Establishment of [Assignment: organization-defined frequencies] for monitoring and [Assignment: organization-defined frequencies] for assessments supporting such monitoring; Ongoing security control assessments in accordance with the organizational continuous monitoring strategy; Ongoing security status monitoring…
IR-4: Incident Handling
The organization: Implements an incident handling capability for security incidents that includes preparation, detection and analysis, containment, eradication, and recovery; Coordinates incident handling activities with contingency planning activities; and Incorporates lessons learned from ongoing incident handling activities into incident response procedures, training, and testing, and implements the resulting changes accordingly.
SI-4: Information System Monitoring
The organization: Monitors the information system to detect: Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with [Assignment: organization-defined monitoring objectives]; and Unauthorized local, network, and remote connections; Identifies unauthorized use of the information system through [Assignment: organization-defined techniques and methods]; Deploys monitoring devices: Strategically within the information system to collect organization-determined essential information; and…
Critical Security Controls Version 7.1
6: Maintenance, Monitoring and Analysis of Audit Logs
Collect, manage, and analyze audit logs of events that could help detect, understand, or recover from an attack.